Understanding the difference between Old Testament (OT) and New Testament (NT) prophetic ministry is a vital key to flourishing in our gifts of prophecy.

A clearer perception of this in my earlier days would have saved me personally a great deal of heartache and error in church life. [1]


4 Differences Between Old and New Testament Prophetic Ministry

Here are four key points of difference between Old and New Testament prophetic ministry, along with some dangers that can occur when a prophetic person maintains an OT viewpoint in the context of church life.

1. In the OT, a prophet was the mouthpiece of God

Differences Between Old and New Testament Prophetic MinistryOld Testament prophets had the singular role of bringing God’s word—instruction, warnings, prophecies, and so on—directly to His people.

By contrast, in the New Testament all believers have a relationship with God and can hear Him speaking to them personally. Therefore, prophecy is confirmation of what is already heard through relationship.

This also relates to leaders in the church today, who hear from God in their leadership capacity.

Prophetic ministry is designed to bring confirmation, clarity and empowerment to the vision of a church.

Signs of maintaining an Old Testament viewpoint in church life:

  • Maintaining they have correctly heard from God (and the leaders are wrong) when there is a point of difference
  • Believing that their prophetic insights carry greater weight than the vision or direction of others who may not have a prophetic gift.

2. The OT was an era of law and judgment

In the Old Testament, prophets pronounced warnings and judgements upon people and nations who were in disobedience to God.

The New Testament, however, is an era of God’s grace. [2] New Testament prophecy is for ‘strengthening, encouragement, and comfort.’ (1 Cor 14:3) Here is an example from Acts 15:32:

‘Judas and Silas, who themselves were prophets, said much to encourage and strengthen the believers.’

New Testament prophecy is consistent with the ministry of Jesus and His revelation of the Father’s nature.

Even if a prophetic word is addressing error, the prophetic motive is redemption—to bring God’s purpose and to transform the situation and its outcome—and the word will be framed that way, presented in love and humility.

Signs of maintaining an OT viewpoint in church life:

  • Using prophecy to point out wrongs, being quick to condemn or warn church leaders or other Christian believers
  • Using prophecy to call for repentance with an underlying attitude of criticism or judgment [3]

3. In the OT, a prophet could ‘stand alone’ before God (1 Kings 17:1)

In the New Testament, Paul says in 1 Cor 12 that we are many members, with different gifts, in one body.

As with other spiritual gifts, prophecy is not meant to be a stand-alone ministry in the church, rather, it is incomplete without the added value of other gifts in the church body. (1 Cor 12:12)

No one ‘prophetic person’ has all the revelation. He or she also depends upon others with prophetic gifts to supply more ‘pieces of the puzzle’ of God’s revelation (1 Cor 14:29-33).

The person prophesying also needs those who have gifts of discernment, leadership and wisdom to complete their contribution to the church.

Also, in the New Testament you see less of the individual prophet and more of prophetic teams – e.g. Acts 15:32, Acts 13:1, Acts 11:27, 1 Cor 14:29, 31-32.

Signs of maintaining an OT viewpoint in church life:

  • Isolation, separation from community
  • Believing that they report directly to God only, and are commissioned and trained only by God
  • Lack of accountability, i.e. not coming under leadership

4. OT prophets were expected to speak the PERFECT, inspired word of God

If they did not speak a word that proved true, they were condemned as ‘false prophets’ (Jer 14:14-16).

Some prophets were entrusted with the writing of scripture.  They also were used of God to convey His specific instruction to Kings, nations and others. Thus, accuracy and purity of their words was essential.

In the New Testament church, prophetic words are subject to being weighed up. (1 Cor 14:29, 1 Thess 5:20-22)

New Testament Prophetic ministry needs an environment of humility, cooperation and grace to operate as Jesus intended it to.

Signs of maintaining an OT viewpoint in church life:

  • Believing they have a ‘hotline to God’ that bypasses the input of leadership.
  • Resisting having their prophetic words weighed up
  • Reacting negatively when prophetic words are not acted upon, or feedback is given that disagrees with their viewpoint

The Fruit of New Testament Prophetic Ministry

‘So Christ himself gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the pastors and teachers, to equip his people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up.’ (Eph 4:11-12)

In the New Testament, prophetic ministry is a servant ministry in the church. This is also true of the prophetic office.

As Paul outlines in Ephesians, the role of a leading prophetic ministry is to equip the church. This includes encouraging and empowering Christians to hear from God, as well as releasing others who have prophetic gifts.

One danger of maintaining an Old Testament paradigm of prophetic ministry is that it sends a message of exclusivity (see points 1 and 3 above). It tends to have the opposite effect—intimidating others who have prophetic gifts and creating an unhealthy reliance upon the prophetic minister.

And finally, the fruit of New Testament prophetic ministry is unity. The picture that Paul gives is of a healthy body, each part unique but working and growing together into Christ-likeness.


Notes:

[1] For more on my journey check the ‘About Enliven Blog’ page.

[2] For more detail on this topic, see the post ‘How To Weigh Up What The Prophets Are Saying Pt 2

[3] This is not to say that someone with a prophetic ministry cannot call for repentance. See ‘How To Weigh Up What The Prophets Are Saying Pt 1′

[4] I am aware that many prophetic people have experienced unhealthy or even abusive leadership, at some stage of their journey. Past hurts and difficulties should not stop us honouring and having a Biblical response to our leaders in our current situation where God has placed us. For more information on this, read my e-book Prophetic People In A Changing Church.


Related Post:

Prophetic Ministry In Church Life: 3 Non-Negotiables


© Helen Calder 2011 Enliven Blog

Enliven Ministries: In the David McCracken Ministries family


34 thoughts on “Differences Between Old and New Testament Prophetic Ministry”

  1. Another great article Helen 🙂

    Some great teaching on this i recently listened too was from
    Kris Vallotton

    We are in a new covenant, with new ways. Old testament prophets had a different job description than new testament prophets– a huge difference. One was a ministry of death, while the other is a ministry of life. We need to make sure that our mindsets and ministries stay on the right side of the cross.

    http://www.kvministries.com/podcast/2010/07/26/old-testament-vs-new-testament-prophecy

    And here also:
    Kris discusses false prophets and how to not become one.

    http://www.kvministries.com/podcast/2010/08/05/false-prophets

    1. Thanks Steve, I respect Kris Vallotton’s teaching and will check these out!
      I love what you say about the old covenant being a ministry of death and the new a ministry of life.
      This is clearly brought out in Paul’s 2nd letter to the Corinthians and is very powerful when we relate it to prophetic ministry:

      “Now if the ministry that brought death, which was engraved in letters on stone, came with glory, so that the Israelites could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of its glory, transitory though it was, will not the ministry of the Spirit be even more glorious? If the ministry that brought condemnation was glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness! For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison with the surpassing glory. And if what was transitory came with glory, how much greater is the glory of that which lasts!” (2 Cor 3:6-10)

      I believe as we really catch this truth, we are going to see the glory of God in ways beyond which we’ve ever dreamed!

  2. I am very grateful fOr this teaching. What a revelatiOn this was fOr me, understanding my respnsibility, accuntability and responsibility if called as a prophet. How do I know that I am in the office as a prophet ?

    1. Nadia, awesome question!
      The things I have discussed in the article don’t just relate to those who are called to prophetic office, but also to anyone who has a prophetic gift. We need the insight of what it means to operate in our prophetic gift in church life based on the New Testament prophetic role. (This is true even if we’re unsure as to whether we have an actual gift of prophecy).

      So that’s our starting place, being faithful, honouring leaders, focusing on the things I’ve mentioned above and developing our gift. My e-book, Grow Your Prophetic And Prayer Gifts gives some great suggestions for developing in prophetic gifts, also I’ve included a blog link to a brief article that may be helpful.

      http://enlivenpublishing.com/blog/e-books/grow-your-prophetic-and-prayer-gifts-e-book/
      http://enlivenpublishing.com/blog/2009/10/24/how-to-develop-your-prophetic-gift-pt-1-where-to-begin/

      As far as Prophetic Office, it is an appointed role, recognised by leadership, so even if one senses the call of God in this area, that call is not affirmed until recognised and established by church oversight. I’ve asked Steve McCracken to add his own thoughts on this (see below).
      Bless you, Nadia, and I pray you will continue to be faithful in your gift and the call of God on your life will ultimately be established.

  3. Helen lays out excellent biblical teaching on the difference of the prophetic office in the Old Testament and New Testament.

    One of the main differences is the element of God’s plan for everything to now be done within the context of the Body of Christ (1 Corinthians 12).

    Isolation and self-appointment is not a New Testament way of thinking. God appoints and places every member in the Body, as He wills. Therefore it’s not about appointing ourselves to a position we desire, but rather about us discovering what God has pre-ordained.

    Therefore I believe that other leaders in the Body of Christ will bear witness that we are called and gifted in a certain area. I believe in the need to always be submitted, so a great starting point is to chat your feelings and thoughts through with your current oversight. They often have a sense of what God might be saying, as well as the added safety of knowing the individual and what is needed to move them forward. This is where accountability comes in too. A leader who knows the person, knows some of the growth areas, including character issues that may need to be addressed if the person is going to walk in the gift with integrity and longevity.

    Sometimes it is easy to desire a certain gift or calling without giving due diligence to what is required. David McCracken’s teaching series on God’s Emerging Prophets gives an excellent base for understanding the prophetic office.

    1. Thanks Prince! You’re local in Melbourne, aren’t you? We have our Breakthrough Night tonight, would love to see you there if you can make it! Check out the David McCracken Website for info…

  4. Thanks Helen, this is a great and timely post.

    I’m leading a small group tonight on the subject of prophecy and was just thinking, I wonder what David McCracken would say about the difference between OT and NT prophecy. I googled the subject and your post was the top of the search.

    God is good!

    Blessings,

    Darren

    1. Awesome! That’s great Darren, may you be blessed at your small group meeting tonight 🙂

  5. thanks for your great inspiring writting God bless you ma… For a long time i have been wanting to relate the 2 types…thanks to God for the grace of redemption of man that brought a gap between the two prophet may God continue to inspire us more in him and deliver us for obnioxuos prophet of this days whom greed is their first fruit.

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